Muir, Edwin

(1887-1959)
   The son of a farmer, he was born in Orkney, Scotland, and lived there until he was 14. The family moved to Glasgow, where he worked as office boy and clerk, and within five years, both his parents and two of his brothers had died. He married Willa Anderson in 1919 and from 1921 to 1924, they traveled throughout Europe while he supported them chiefly with literary reviews and teaching. He found peace within himself and started writing poetry in 1924-25 and wrote his best poems when over fifty. Between 1930 and 1952, the Muirs translated more than forty novels, and their close partnership continued until he died. He worked for the British Council in Edinburgh, Pargue, and Rome; was warden of Newbattle Abbey, an adult education college near Edinburgh (1950-55); and was Charles Eliot Norton professor, Harvard (1955-1956). He was appointed Commander of the British Empire in 1953 and received honorary degrees from five universities. He died in Cambridge. Some of his poems: "One Foot in Eden," "Robert the Bruce," "Salem, Massachusetts," "The Brothers," "The Enchanted Knight," "The Interrogation," "The Rider Victory," "The Wayside Station."
   Sources: Biography of Willa Muir, Writing Scotland: A Journey Through Scotland's Literature (http://www.bbc.co.uk/scotland/arts/writingscotland/writers/willa_muir/. Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Edwin Muir, External Links and References (http://muir.rhizomatics.org.uk/). Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. The Bloodaxe Book of 20th Century Poetry, from Britain and Ireland. Edna Longley, ed. Bloodaxe Books, 2000. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Complete Poems of Edwin Muir. Peter Butter, ed. The Association for Scottish Literary Studies, 1991. The Earth is the Lord's: Poems of the Spirit. Helen Plotz, ed. Thomas Y. Crowell, 1965. The Mentor Book of Major British Poets. Oscar Williams, ed. New American Library, 1963. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Muir, Edwin — ▪ Scottish writer born May 15, 1887, Deerness, Orkney, Scot. died Jan. 3, 1959, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng.       literary critic, translator, and one of the chief Scottish poets of his day writing in English.       The son of a crofter, Muir …   Universalium

  • MUIR (E.) — MUIR EDWIN (1887 1959) L’une des voix écossaises les plus connues de la poésie moderne, avec Hugh MacDiarmid (quoique moins nationaliste que lui). Muir ne fut pas seulement poète, mais romancier, critique, traducteur, avec sa femme Willa Muir, de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Edwin Muir — (15 May 1887 ndash; 3 January, 1959) was an Orcadian [Edwin Muir, an Autobiography, Canongate Press, Edinburgh 1993, ISBN: 0862414237) ] [Paul Henderson Scott, Towards Independence, Edwin Muir was an Orkney man who never quite felt that he was… …   Wikipedia

  • Muir — ist ursprünglich ein Begriff aus der gälischen Sprache. Er steht für die Bedeutung groß bzw. Meer, See oder auch Moor. Davon abgeleitet ist der Name eines um 1700 schottischen Clans: Muir (Clan) Muir ist der Familienname verschiedener, meist aus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edwin Muir — (* 15. Mai 1887 in Deerness, Orkney; † 3. Januar 1959 bei Cambridge) war ein schottischer Schriftsteller. Im Jahr 1901 verlor Muirs Vater seine Farm auf den Orkney Inseln, daher übersiedelte die Familie nach Glasgow. 1919 heiratete er Willa… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Muir —   [ mjʊə], Edwin, schottischer Schriftsteller, * Deerness (Orkney) 15. 5. 1887, ✝ bei Cambridge 3. 1. 1959; Journalist, nach 1945 beim British Council; seine Lyrik gestaltet Alltägliches traumhaft symbolisch und sucht meditativ nach einem… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Edwin Way Teale — (2 juin 1899 – 18 octobre 1980) est un naturaliste, photographe et écrivain américain qui a obtenu le prix Pulitzer. Le travail de Teale repose sur une enquête précise et documentée des conditions environnementales de l Amérique du Nord des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edwin Way Teale — Infobox Writer name = Edwin Way Teale imagesize = 100px caption = Edwin Way Teale in 1976 pseudonym = birthdate = Birth date|1899|6|2 birthplace = Joliet, Illinois, United States deathdate = Death date and age|1980|10|18|1899|6|2 deathplace =… …   Wikipedia

  • Muir — A Muir is the Scots word for moorland, and Scots Gaelic for sea, and is the etymological origin of the surname and Clan Muir/Mure/Moore in Scotland and other parts of the world. Contents 1 Geography 1.1 Settlements 1.2 Other …   Wikipedia

  • Muir — n. family name; John Muir (1838 1914), United State conservationist traveler and scientist (assisted in the establishment of several national parks in California); Edwin Muir (1887 1959), Scottish poet and linguist; city located in the United… …   English contemporary dictionary

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